Accurate knowledge and immediate action are important especially when you’re confronted with an emergency – like burns.

The first step is to get your facts about dog burns in order:

Burns are classified based on the causes and on how critical the damage is.

Thermal Burns

These are caused by heat either from fire, hot liquid, or from being in contact of a very hot surface. These type of burns can be classified as superficial or deep.

Superficial Burns

These are burns that affected only the top layer of skin.

WHAT TO DO:

Cool the burned area by immersing it in cool water. Gently dry it and remove hair from the affected area if possible.

Do not use cotton, instead, use a gauze or clean cloth to dry it. It is important to avoid infection, otherwise, veterinary medical attention is needed.

Deep Burns

These are serious burns that spread under the top layer of skin.

WHAT TO DO

Contact your veterinarian immediately.

Simply cover the burned area with a clean cloth. Do not apply anything to the wound, it is important that you get your dog to the veterinarian for treatment before your dog goes into shock.

Deep burns are critical that dog may go into shock. Shock is the collapse of the circulatory system.

You can tell if your dog is in shock if he feels cold to the touch, has a week but rapid pulse, breathing is shallow but rapid, and his gums are pale.

Calm your dog throughout and keep him warm by covering him with a blanket. If he falls unconscious, make sure that his body is in a higher position than his head.

Encourage blood flow by massaging him. Also, ascertain that there is little movement when you transport him to the veterinary hospital.

Electrical Burns

These burns are usually found on the lips or tongue because the dog bit an electrical cord. Wounds can be seen in the mouth but take note that since it is electrical, the dog received an electric shock throughout his whole body.

WHAT TO DO

Pull the plug from the outlet before you touch your dog or pull the cord from his mouth.

Call your veterinarian right away.

Electric shock can cause cardiac arrest and death. If you find your dog unconscious, check for a pulse.

If your dog is not breathing and does not have a heartbeat, restrain him and put a muzzle because he can become aggressive once he revives.

CPR that is executed on humans can be used on dogs. Observe if pupils are fully dilated and if gums are cool and blue colored, these are signs that come with no heartbeat.

Perform CPR and if there is no response after 15 minutes, it is doubtful to resuscitate the dog.

Chemical Burns

This kind of burns is caused by an acid or alkali compounds. These can either be external or internal.

WHAT TO DO

For external wounds, if you do not know what kind of compound burned your dog, wash the burned area with water.

If it is acid, wash the burn with baking soda dissolved in water. For alkali, wash the wound with vinegar and water.

If the chemical was consumed, and the said chemical is near at hand, check for product information if any antidote is indicated in case of ingestion. Bring him at once to the veterinary hospital after performing first aid.

Burns can become deadly for your dogs if you do not act fast.

Educating yourself in this matters are important. Keep in mind that prevention also plays a key importance to avoid getting your dogs burned.

Continue learning, this will save you and your dog the trouble of accidents occurring.

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